An Investigation of Coping Strategies Used by College Students With Intellectual Disability
Similar to their typical peers, students with intellectual disability enrolled in postsecondary education programs endure levels of stress that result in the application of coping strategies necessary to navigate various social domains of college life, including romantic relationships, friendships, roommate relationships, and social media interactions. This study utilizes survey and interview data to examine which coping strategies are used by college students with intellectual disability.
When faced with stressful situations, almost one-third of study participants chose 'Planful Problem Solving' as their first choice coping strategy in the Romantic domain, and almost half of respondents used it to deal with stressful situations related to Friendships. More than a third of college students with intellectual disability chose 'Confrontive Coping' as their preferred strategy in the Roommate and Social Media domains. Findings are consistent with previous research, which suggests that young adults with intellectual disability use Problem-Focused strategies most frequently when dealing with stressful situations. Implications for research and practice are also presented and discussed.
Plotner, A. J., Ezell, J. A., VanHorn-Stinnitt, C., & Rose, C. A. (2020). An investigation of coping strategies used by college students with intellectual disability. Inclusion, 8(3), 194–209. https://doi.org/10.1352/2326-6988-8.3.194